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How to Install Wine on Debian 10

Prepare Debian to Install Wine

Before installing Wine, apt-transport-https must be installed. However, Debian will attempt to install it from a CD or DVD, which will fail if you installed from a USB drive and have no installation optical disk. One way to avoid that problem is to disable access to CDROM repositories.

Disable CDROM repositories

If you installed Debian from an optical disk, instead of following the procedure in this section, you can load the installation disk into an optical drive and continue with the procedure in Enable sudo for your user account.

If you will not be using a Debian installation optical disk to install apt-transport-https, do the following to remove the option to access local CDROM repositories. With CDROM repositories unavailable, Debian will download the missing package from online repositories.

An alternative to the following procedure for making CDROM repositories unavailable, for those who are comfortable editing system files with a command line editor such as nano or vim, is to insert a # character at the beginning of the line in /etc/apt/sources.list that begins with "deb cdrom: …". The added # will comment out that line and disable CDROM repositories.

Enable sudo for your user account

Open a terminal window and login as superuser.

$ su -l

In the following command, replace your-user-name by your own user name.

# adduser your-user-name sudo

Log out of the root account and close the Terminal window.

# exit
$ exit

Close any open apps.

In order to activate sudo for your user name, Restart your Computer.

When logged in again, continue from here to verify sudo is installed and properly configured.

-------- Waiting for computer to restart --------

To verify you can now use sudo, open a Terminal session and issue the following command.

$ sudo echo 'Hello'

The test is successful if, after requesting and receiving your password, "Hello" is displayed.

Install apt-transport-https

Update the package database and do the installation.

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install apt-transport-https

Check installed architectures

Verify 64-bit architecture. The following command should respond with "amd64".

$ dpkg --print-architecture

See if 32-bit architecture is already installed. The following command should respond with "i386"

$ dpkg --print-foreign-architectures

If it does not display "i386", execute the following.

$ sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386

Re-check with

$ dpkg --print-foreign-architectures

Add the WineHQ Debian repository

Get and install the repository key.

$ wget -nc https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key
$ sudo apt-key add winehq.key

Use the next three Terminal commands to add the Wine HQ repository for Debian 10 Buster to the operating system's list of repositories.

$ echo 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/debian/ buster main' > /tmp/winehq.list

$ sudo cp /tmp/winehq.list /etc/apt/sources.list.d/

$ rm /tmp/winehq.list

Execute the next command to update the package database, but …

… if you are using a Debian installation disk as a local repository, first load your disk into the optical drive.

$ sudo apt update

Install Libfaudio0

Beginning with Wine 5.0, both Wine Stable and Wine Development require amd64 and i386 versions of libfaudio0, but libfaudio0 is not available from the repository. Therefore, libfaudio0 must be downloaded and installed manually. See libfaudio0 special handlingNew Window Icon.

The next two commands download the libfaudio0 .deb packages into the local active directory.

$ wget -nc https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Emulators:/Wine:/Debian/Debian_10/amd64/libfaudio0_20.01-0~buster_amd64.deb

$ wget -nc https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Emulators:/Wine:/Debian/Debian_10/i386/libfaudio0_20.01-0~buster_i386.deb

And these two commands do the installations.

$ sudo apt install ./libfaudio0_20.01-0~buster_amd64.deb
$ sudo apt install ./libfaudio0_20.01-0~buster_i386.deb

When the installations are complete, consider moving the two libfaudio0 .deb files to a permanent location, or just delete them.

Install Wine

The next command will install Wine Stable. If you prefer Wine Development or Wine Staging, replace winehq-stable with either winehq-devel or with winehq-staging.

$ sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-stable

Verify the installation succeeded.

$ wine --version