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How to Install Wine on Debian 10

Enable sudo?

Open a terminal window and issue the following command.

$ sudo echo 'Hello'

If, after accepting your password, "Hello" is displayed, you are authorized to use sudo, so you can skip to the next section, titled Install apt-transport-https. Otherwise, continue with the following.

Login as superuser.

$ su -l

The following enables you to use sudo. Just replace your-user-name by your own user name.

# usermod -a -G sudo your-user-name

Log out of the root account and close the Terminal window.

# exit
$ exit

Close any open apps.

In order to activate sudo for your user name, Restart your Computer.

When logged in again, continue from here to verify sudo is installed and properly configured.

-------- Waiting for computer to restart --------

To verify you can now use sudo, open a Terminal session and issue the following command.

$ sudo echo 'Hello'

The test is successful if, after requesting and receiving your password, "Hello" is displayed.

Install apt-transport-https

Update the package database and install apt-transport-https.

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install apt-transport-https

Check installed architectures

Verify 64-bit architecture. The following command should respond with "amd64".

$ dpkg --print-architecture

See if 32-bit architecture is already installed. The following command should respond with "i386"

$ dpkg --print-foreign-architectures

If it does not display "i386", execute the following.

$ sudo dpkg --add-architecture i386

Re-check with

$ dpkg --print-foreign-architectures

Add the WineHQ Debian repository

Get and install the repository key.

$ wget -nc https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/winehq.key
$ sudo apt-key add winehq.key

Use the next three Terminal commands to add the Wine HQ repository for Debian 10 Buster to the operating system's list of repositories.

$ echo 'deb https://dl.winehq.org/wine-builds/debian/ buster main' > /tmp/winehq.list

$ sudo cp /tmp/winehq.list /etc/apt/sources.list.d/

$ rm /tmp/winehq.list

Execute the next command to update the package database, but …

… if you are using a Debian installation disk as a local repository, first load your disk into the optical drive.

$ sudo apt update

Install Libfaudio0

Beginning with Wine 4.5, both Wine Stable and Wine Development require amd64 and i386 versions of libfaudio0, but libfaudio0 is not available from the repository. Therefore, libfaudio0 must be downloaded and installed manually. The procedure in this section takes care of this. For more information, see libfaudio0 special handlingNew Window Icon.

The next two commands download the libfaudio0 .deb packages into the local active directory.

$ wget -nc https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Emulators:/Wine:/Debian/Debian_10/amd64/libfaudio0_20.01-0~buster_amd64.deb

$ wget -nc https://download.opensuse.org/repositories/Emulators:/Wine:/Debian/Debian_10/i386/libfaudio0_20.01-0~buster_i386.deb

And these two commands do the installations.

$ sudo apt install ./libfaudio0_20.01-0~buster_amd64.deb
$ sudo apt install ./libfaudio0_20.01-0~buster_i386.deb

When the installations are complete, consider moving the two libfaudio0 .deb files to a permanent location, or just delete them.

Install Wine

The next command will install Wine Stable. If you prefer Wine Development or Wine Staging, replace winehq-stable with either winehq-devel or with winehq-staging.

$ sudo apt install --install-recommends winehq-stable

Verify the installation succeeded.

$ wine --version